India has had a bioenergy/cogeneration programme in place since the mid-1990s. India has always been committed to increasing its exploration of alternative, renewable sources of power. Biomass is an important energy source in India. It is renewable, widely available, and does not produce any greenhouse gases; therefore, it has the potential to greatly increase rural employment. Thermal power plants are now able to operate more economically and effectively because of significant technological improvements.
India has co-fired biomass in to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from thermal power generation.
- The agriculture sector’s surplus biomass availability (123 Mt in 2010–11) was enough to co-fire coal with biomass pellets to replace 25 percent of coal usage in the power industry. Making energy production cost effecting.
- The tariff for biomass pellet-based electricity generation is dependent on several factors, including technology used for manufacturing them and for cooling them, and the distance that the biomass has to be transported to product energy, the price of raw biomass, and the availability of surplus biomass feedstock.
- The high carbon price plays an important role in increased usage of biomass pellets in energy generation in India due to their cost-effectiveness and easy availability.
Read More : What Advantages Do Biomass Pellets Offer?
The future of biomass pellets
It is estimated that by 2030/31, pelletized biomass, could account for 6% of India’s total energy production that makes out of a projected total annual power output which would be 4,000 TWh in 2030/31, the electricity generation potential from biomass pellets will be around 244 TWh. With the building of biomass power plants, more jobs will be created. Almost 260,000 new full-time jobs in rural areas are projected to be created by the biomass pellet industry by 2030/31.
If India is serious about reducing its carbon footprint and becoming a low-carbon economy, it must prioritise the development of its local bioenergy resources and limit its reliance on foreign suppliers, and Biomass pellets can help achieve these goals as an cost-effective and ecologically sustainable source.